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Makin History


Historic Research * Heritage Marketing * Consulting * Lectures * Special Events

 CANNERY ROW   •   BOMBARDIER'S LOUNGE (Returning Soon)  •   END OF LIES, The Nadjik Pheromone
                                                                                                                   Biochemical Lie Detection (Returning Soon)


Updated on April 23, 2023

Are you ready for the
Return of the Western Flyer?

The restored Western Flyer is heading south soon
from Seattle to home port Monterey!

Cannery Row and Monterey have been
waiting since this Herald headline in 1984:

 Monterey historian Bob Enea was responsible for the search and discovery
of the re-named Western Flyer (to Gemini in 1970). This news story did not
include him in its composition.

from the maritime Pacific Northwest to home port Monterey

FROM THIS: The Gemini (Western Flyer) raised after 2nd sinking at Anacortes, Washington  June 24, 2013

sunken Gemini
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Art Kendall photo

TO THIS: Restoration completed at Port Townsend Shipwright's Co-op  June 29, 2022

WF out of the barn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   MK Hemp photo

  Hybrid diesel-electric propulsion system installation under way at Snow & Company, Seattle  


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             MK Hemp photo

The organized chaos of nearing completion...for  her maritime Pacific Northwest departure to Monterey

wf sq tent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                MK Hemp photo

Western Flyer departure from Ballard (Seattle) Washington in a matter of weeks

Be ready: Get the Book!
Square playmen
Click here to purchase

Stand-by for our announcement of the departure and its (Unannounced yet) destinations
If you are not already part of our e-mail program
e-mail your address for notification)


(Past Event)

On March 14th, 2023, the Western Flyer Foundation will present another program
to bring you up to date on the saga of the Western Flyer, plans for her future,
and an estimated date of her return to Monterey.

A Bit of Background

Happy Steinbeck's Birthday
(February 2, 1902 - December 20, 1968)

John Steinbeck's Birthday gift to you
is the approaching date of the arrival
at Monterey of the Western Flyer upon
return to her new home port of  Monterey.

Steinbeck and Ed Ricketts "Ed Head"
Detailed news of the return of the Western  Flyer to
Monterey can be found at the Western Flyer Foundation
site along with a load of info and photos of the progress
of the restoration of one of the world's most famous boats.

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Get Ready!

The now world-famous Tacoma-built Western Flyer was chartered
in Monterey by John Steinbeck in 1940 for a scientific expedition
to Mexico's "Sea of Cortez" with his closest friend and mentor,
pioneering ecologist marine biologist Edward F. Ricketts.
It was also an escape from the backlash from Steinbeck's expose
of California's agricultural industry in "Grapes of Wrath."
The co-authored book from that journey became a heralded
anthem of ecological consciousness and the new holistic view
that humanity is interconnected to nature and its protection.

None of it could have been accomplished without a stout
Croatian-build Tacoma purse-seine fishing boat which has
emerged from an 8-year restoration at Washington state's
Port Townsend Shipwright's Co-op, and very soon from
Seattle technical expertise of the Snow & Company
installation of a revolutionary hybrid propulsion system.

If you have not heard about any of this topic or have been
unaware of what a cultural, marine sciences, literary, and
historical accomplishment is about to happen at any time...

You need this authoritative one-of-a-kind book. Now:
by a historian-scribe and researcher connected to its identity,
historical, maritime, ecological, literary, and inter-cultural
 legacies since 1983. With credit to invaluable sources and
colleagues like Bob Enea of Salinas, California, on his uncles
 Croatian skipper Tony Berry and deckhand Sparky Enea; and
for his decades of dedication in locating the Western Flyer
...and assuring its survival.

CR 5.0

ISBN: 978-0-941425-06-3   (5th Edition since 1986)

See special offer below!


The Western Flyer Foundation is preparing to return the
Western Flyer to its home port of Monterey this spring.
Click here to learn more and support the debut of one of
the most famous and certainly most celebrated boats
in the world.

November 9th, 2022 • Hopkins Marine Station •  Western Flyer update Reception and Program

WFF Hopkins 110922 invitation
Gewfg & Hemp at Hopkins 110922


Western Flyer Foundation's John Gregg & Cannery Row Foundation's Michael Hemp                   photo by Anne-Marie Hemp   



2-book off 2



C R 5.0 cover bug

Weather Cancellation. To be Rescheduled.

"New Horizons: Steinbeck's Cannery Row in Pacific Northwest History"
An archival images PowerPoint by MICHAEL KENNETH HEMP presented by the
Puget Sound Maritime Historical Society
December 3rd, 2022, at the
Wagner Educational Center • Center for Wooden Boats
1010 Valley Street, Seattle WA 98109

Open Free to the public from 12:15

Information for luncheon prior the event at:

or call: (206) 812-5464

CFR 5.0 bug

The Western Flyer Foundation
at Hopkins Marine Station

Wednesday, November 9th, 2022
Stanford University Hopkins Marine Station

• Reception at Miller Library of Hopkins Marine Station
• Presentation of the status and planning for the 2023 Arrival
of the Western Flyer at Home Port of Monterey

        WF Invitation

CR 5.0 bug

Key Peninsula News
The Voice of the Key Peninsula
Vaughn, Washington

  Click here for the


typewriter bug   

"New Horizons: Steinbeck's Cannery Row in Pacific Northwest History"
An archival images PowerPoint by MICHAEL KENNETH HEMP at the
68th Annual Pacific Northwest History Conference
September 29th to October1st, 2022, at Kennewick, Washington,
hosted by the Washington State Historical Society
in partnership with the Oregon Historical Society.

Presentation at 2:45 pm, Saturday, October 1, 2022
Columbia Center, Ballroom II/III
Kennewick, Washington

Click here for details.


Oregon Historical Society

                State Historical Society

Northwest Public Broadcasting logo

Chateau Ste Michelle logo


University of Idaho logo

Washington Secretary of State Archives logo

Idaho State Historical Society

Oregon State University Press

                Breaker Brewing logo


CR 5.bug

August 11, 2022

A Home-Style Monterey Podcast with everyone's Sicilian cousin
"Cousin Johnny Aliotti" about research bringing news
of the shared connections between Monterey
and the maritime Pacific Northwest.

"Buzzin' with Cousin"
Click Here

Hmep @ WF - Billy

Re-naming and re-launching of the Western Flyer
(from Gemini back to Western Flyer)
June 29, 2022, Port Townsend, Washington.

MH @
                                                                                                                                     - Billy Wolf photo

Click here soon for more photos.
Michael Hemp photos of the re-naming and re-launching of the Western Flyer on
June 26th, 2022, at Port Townsend Shipwright's Co-op, Port Townsend, Washington.

CR 5.0 cover bug

The 5th Edition is here!

CR5 front

The new enlarged deluxe 5th Edition (since 1986) of
"CANNERY ROW, The History of John Steinbeck's
Old Ocean View Avenue and
Its Connections to the pacific Northwest"

This new enlarged edition provides additional original research about

•  Ed Ricketts and his maritime Pacific Northwest
marine biological research for his introduction of Ecology

•  The Pacific Northwest Croatian boat-building industry that enabled
Monterey's Sicilian sardine fleet to make it the Sardine Capital of the World"

•  John Steinbeck and Edward F. Ricketts and the illustrated Saga of the Western Flyer

ISBN: 978-0-941425-06-3    $34.95

• Signed by the author • Shipped free by USPS Media Mail

• Your purchase includes an authentic 1940s Cannery Row sardine label (a $10 value)

sardine label
(smaller than actual size • label may vary by cannery)

Click Here
to purchase


CR 5.0 cover bug

in low resolution
©2022 The History CompanyContact for use rights

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©2022 The History Company
These sample pages are provided for your enjoyment and educational uses.
Copying for commercial purposes requires a use agreement.

Thank you.


A Bombardier's Lounge segment from the past. is being reformatted and will soon to be re-posted as a srand-alone site.

The Junior Officers Revolt at SAC headquarters

73 years ago, 34 Junior Officers from the Strategic Air Command's Headquarters
in Omaha, Nebraska,
the "best and brightest" Special Intelligence Officers of the
544th Aerospace Reconnaissance Wing
, were assigned to the worst places anyone
with their far above Special Intel clearances should ever have ever been allowed
to be stationed: in
South East Asia high-threat and wartime combat zones.

Here is the story as told in 2004 by former USAF Captain Michael Hemp
The History Company on its site
— to be back online soon after 2 years Covid absence:

bbl logo

The Lunar Landing of Apollo 11 and the Junior Officers Revolt at SAC Headquarters.
July 20, 1969…

July 19, 1969. Omaha, Nebraska—Strategic Air Force Command Headquarters. 
By order of SAC Commander-In-Chief, Gen. Bruce K. Holloway, 38 junior USAF Special Intelligence Officers are ordered to appear at a mandatory “Commander’s Call” in the second floor Command Staff briefing room of SAC HQ, Offutt Air Force Base, Omaha, Nebraska. As I recall it was to be on Sunday, July 20th, 1969. Apollo 11 landed on the moon, but that was not the big story.

The orders required all 38 officers to assemble to account for their conduct in an embarrassing public relations bungle by the Air Force. One of the First Lieutenants at SAC’s elite and ultra-top secret 544th Reconnaissance Technical Wing, among the world’s top photo intelligence analysis units, inadvertently set off what became known in SAC command circles as the “Junior Officer’s Revolt.” Not exactly the Cain Mutiny, but it involved one of the very top Generals of the United States military.

The state of Nebraska enjoyed a special relationship with SAC and its succession of “Cincs,” or commander-in-chiefs. Between 1968 and 1969, an unusually rapid succession of SAC commanders took place. General Joseph J. Nazzaro was replaced by an interim commander, Gen. Keith Compton, succeeded by Gen. Bruce K. Holloway of “Flying Tigers” fame. Part of this close military/community cooperation involved fundraising for AKSARBEN (Yep, Nebraska spelled backwards), the state’s “United Way or Community Chest.” USAF personnel were expected to support a huge, high-pressure donations campaign. To refuse to donate or virtually “tithe” through USAF payroll deductions, it was threatened, would reflect on your military service record. Officers were threatened with “derogs” (negative notations) on their OERs (Officers Effectiveness Ratings) if they did not participate—something that would effect their career advancement and promotions. A lot of minimally paid enlisted men and struggling career officers caved in and signed up. Some held out, mostly junior (lieutenant and captain) “Reserve Officers,” not generally regarded as career officer material and therefore somewhat indifferent to pressure on their military futures since almost all expected to return to civilian status at the end of their service agreements.

July 16th Apollo 11 blasted off from Cape Canaveral on its epic lunar mission. Mission commander, Neil Armstrong, and lunar module pilot “Buzz” Aldrin were preparing to walk on the moon on July 20th. It seems that about the same time they were leaving their lunar footprints, the mandatory SAC commander’s call of 544th Special Reconnaissance Intel Officers to SAC Headquarters commenced. What on earth could cause all this fuss during days this historic?

Junior Intel officers were not always cast in, or controlled by, the behavior protocols held dear by echelons of senior Air Force officers. A new breed, we enjoyed a certain intellectual and analytical independence beyond our rank, important to the critical thinking and analysis of everything from drone photography of the harbor at Haiphong, to SR-71 “Blackbird” multi-sensor photo and radar imagery from above 85,000 feet, to counting “Foxbat” aircraft on Soviet airfields and ICBM launch sites from space. Senior staff tolerated our certainties while chafing occasionally at our perceived impudence. But we were very good at what we did.    

First Lt. Nicholas King was the culprit. He had the nerve to write a scathing personal letter to the Chairman of AKSARBEN after they gifted the new SAC Commander, Gen. Holloway, with $40,000.00 of donated AKSARBEN funds to be used at the discretion of the SAC Commander-in-Chief. The gift was spent to transform the entrance and upstairs command staff offices from stark Curtis E. LeMay marble and pale green, to alternating panels of ocher wall covering and dark hardwood paneling. Thick ocher carpeting was installed at the SAC HQ Main Entrance and its upstairs command staff offices, including the CINC’s.

Lt. King’s letter suggested the next time AKSARBEN had $40,000 to throw away, rather than enable the beautification of the SAC entrance with charitable donation funds, they should consider helping with the Offutt AFB airmen’s barracks, many of them brick structures built before WWI that reached 120 degrees in summer (un-air conditioned, of course). Or, help the struggling facility for handicapped children of base personnel. And on…you get the idea. The letter was circulated though the super-secret subterranean labs of the HQ Intel photo interpreters, analysts, and briefing officers—almost all of whom were junior officers. Thirty seven other officers became signatory to Lt. King’s impudent pique, and off it went.

I can’t honestly recall if Neil Armstrong had walked on the moon by the time we assembled for the commanders call. Phone calls between us concluded we were in for a real chewing, some had heard and were terrorized that the Commander-in-Chief, himself, was going to tear into us. What a small handful of us knew—being his Special Intel briefers on a daily basis—was that this heroic WWII air ace was particularly inarticulate with even his half dozen staff generals at our briefings and was highly unlikely to be the one “ripping into us.” General Holloway, as expected, was not present for the meeting. It turns out that chore fell to his DCI (Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence) Lt. Gen. Dacey, who took to the podium. Gen. Dacey was a good choice; many of us liked him from our duties of briefing him regularly—finding him dashing, smart, incisive, erudite, and tough. This day he was volcanic.

General Dacey’s comments were angry, threatening, and for a while, effectively intimidating to most of the assembled young officers. He degraded us, railing for a while berating us for bringing dishonor on the Air Force by signing and sending the letter, breaking the chain of command, betraying our honor and duty as officers, and for conduct unbecoming an officer. It was at this time a hand shot up near the back of the room and Gen. Dacey paused to permit the question. It was not what he expected. The question asked “Why, when the Commander in Chief of the Strategic Air Command gets caught with his pants down, spending charity money donated by his troops, to decorate his offices and SAC HQ entrance, that WE are the ones guilty of conduct unbecoming an officer?” I swear I heard Dacey choke. A brief pandemonium erupted before order was restored. Several other unsolicited comments of the same nature erupted as nearly the entire group of us pushed back at the hypocrisy of this collective “spanking” for the mindless misdeeds of the Command. The intimidation had produced precisely the opposite effect it intended.

Order was quickly restored but as hard as Gen. Dacey tried to continue his offensive, he was met by surreptitious shouts and comments from the assembled officers who would simply not accept his ugly, threatening comments. The assembly was clumsily broken off, with attending senior officers visibly flabbergasted and enraged at our insubordinate conduct. The Commanders Call abruptly ended and all of us were ordered back to duty.

I hope this story reaches some of the other junior officers at this historic event. I would like to know their comments on this narrative, their feelings about it, and their personal consequences of having been part of what was thereafter called “The Junior Officers Revolt at SAC Headquarters.”

It seems that within a week or so, 37 of the 38 officers that signed the AKSARBEN letter had orders to some of the worst assignments at which an Intel Officer could be stationed. Only my friend, Capt. Lionel Smith, was spared out of all of us. He was simply so absolutely indispensable to the SAC satellite surveillance program he avoided similar punitive reassignment. The effect of this retaliation against the best intelligence community in the Strategic Air Command, their “best and brightest,” was to instantly strip SAC’s intelligence capability to perform daily critical intelligence analysis and procedures. And beyond that simple, blind revenge against its insubordinate junior officers was the location of our punitive assignments. They were considered the worst places they could possibly send us—all in combat zones of Viet Nam or high threat areas of Thailand. The Great SAC sin was that NONE of us, with our security clearances (far above TOP SECRET Special Intel) and working intelligence knowledge of our strategic surveillance programs, plans, platforms, capabilities, and assessments should have ever been assigned out of the continental U.S. Any of us falling into the hands of the enemy could have constituted a catastrophic setback for US military intelligence capabilities. That, however, was not a consideration in SAC’s response to intimidate and punish us.

My orders were to Task Force Alpha, Nakhon Phanom Royal Thai Air Force Base, and after weeks of training at Ft. Walton Beach, Florida, I was on my way to the cushiest of our collective punishments, know to all as “Naked Phanny" RTAFB. A 4000’ asphalt strip cut out of the Northeast Thai jungle, it was the home of the 56th Special Operations Wing. Too short for jets, and with a Search and Rescue and Air Commando mission, it was a throwback to Korea and WWII. The prop aircraft inventory consisted of retiring A-26 Intruders (twin engine attack bombers from WWII), C-19 (WWII) Flying Boxcar gunships, three squadrons of A-1 Skyraiders (Korean War), CH-3 Jolly Green helicopters for search and rescue and air commando operations, and 0-2 and OV-10 forward air control aircraft. Only seven miles from the Mekong it was a short hop across Laos to the Ho Chi Minh Trail. I was there as an analyst in the seismic and acoustic sensor network that monitored and targeted troop and truck traffic shuttling war supplies through Laos to South Vietnam on the dirt road network of “the trail.” It was the best of the worst duty and conditions but hard to complain about when grunts were sent from South Viet Nam to NKP for R&R.

Capt. Nick King, on the other hand, had been sent to Phan Rang, South Viet Nam—a place called the armpit of Viet Nam and a really awful assignment. Reports reached us at NKP that he responded as we might have expected, with a peace symbol emblazoned on his bunker helmet; Nick also refused to salute the base commander and was reported to have responded, “What are they going to do to me? Send me to Phan Rang?” Years later, long after our military exploits, I heard he’d become an Assistant District Attorney in Louisville, Kentucky. And then a Tennessee Supreme Court Judge.

A closing comment on the Junior Officers Revolt. It wasn’t just the Junior Officers that were ultimately upset with the SAC command. A look at any photograph of SAC Headquarters shows a huge building with a central entrance opposite the walkway, easily identified with an ICBM missile motif, from the Officers Club to the main entrance. Well, it seems that when foul weather set in—a certainty in Omaha—the new ochre yellow carpets at the SAC HQ main entrance took to soiling heavily from the wet and slushy foot traffic from the Officers Club and main entrance arrivals. What happened next almost set off the “Senior Officers Revolt at SAC HQ.” Full “bird” Colonels without sufficient rank and clout, plus hordes of Lt. Colonels and      Majors accustomed to using the direct access to the Officer's Club or their offices in the HQ Building were barred from using the main entrance! They were required to walk the considerable distance (in freezing sleet and snow) to the far left or right wing entrances at each far end of SAC HQ. Indignant is not a strong enough reaction, though insubordination on the order of the Junior Officers Revolt at SAC Headquarters was not among their options.

Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin left their iconic footprints from Apollo 11 on the surface of the moon on the weekend of July 20th, 1969. And now, as a small footnote to history, is the true (if unknown) story of that same date. The Junior Officers revolt at SAC Headquarters.

Michael K. Hemp (Capt. Monkey Hotel, NKP 1969-1970)
More detail, photos, and information at


Strategic Air Command Headquarters Building from the Offutt AFB Officers Club.


Along with those in America who politically support him
 and his enablers in our media and politics.

Ukrn ian Flag





among many deserving supporters of Ukraine.


From the Archives

A special Black Sea treat on a much lighter note FROM THE HISTORY COMPANY ARCHIVE:
A 2009 video interview at Wave Street Studios, Cannery Row, Monterey, moderated by Michael Hemp,
about a Bulgarian version of Ed Ricketts' Lab ("Eastern Biophysical")
on the shores of the Black Sea in 1970–
before the fall of the Iron Curtain.

Full story details near the bottom of the website scroll:

A Bulgarian Memoir by Dr. Alex Gochev


Olympia, Washington
Click Here for

archives link

Cannery Row's historian


Western Flyer Update:

deckhouse on in barn
                                                                                                                                                     Chris Chase Western/Flyer Foundation photo

The deck house is back on the Western Flyer. Click here to see it
being installed on December 4th, 2021, at the
Port Townsend Shipwright's Co-op.


 More on the Western Flyer restoration:

The Western Flyer at Boat Haven, Port Townsend, 2013 • Anne Shaffer photo • Coastal Watershed

restoration videos at the
Port Townsend Shipwrights Co-op

by Chris Chase of the Western Flyer Foundation.

Videos from the beginning of restoration to its near completion: all on YouTube videos.
Subscribe to the Western Flyer Foundation Channel on YouTube.
Donate to the Western Flyer Foundation here.

(Click here)

(Earlier chapters are on YouTube Western Flyer)


From the Archives of "Bombardier's Lounge"

A 4th of July, 1970, memoir...


 I was Aerial Intel back-seat in an NKP OV-10 twin-turboprop
recon aircraft detached to
U-Tapao RTAFB, Thailand, on the Gulf of Siam
to open up aerial reconnaissance operations of Western and Central Cambodia
to determine enemy and friendly held territory.

Some not-so high altitude...

                                                                                                                                        ©1970 Michael Hemp

Other than drawing small-arms fire from Angkor Wat this day
the mission was pretty uneventful, with the exception of when
we passed over a remote fortified jungle outpost...

                                                                                                                                        ©1970 Michael Hemp

A Cambodian voice came up on a ragged radio frequency and said,
"Happy birt-day Amereecans for your country..."

More detail on our sister site:

*  *  * 


cr 4.0

CR 4.0 has been superseded
by the new CR 5.0
but remains available for collectors
wishing copies of this first-ever
publication of the obscure unrevealed
connections between Cannery Row
and the martime Pacific Northwest.
There is no other such research and
publication anywhere else,


EoL on

The book for Now

Click to purchase from
The History Company
through PayPal

 Click to purchase from
The History Company

Sur cover

Last of the Big Sur Otter Hunters

Click to purchase from
Amazon Kindle

Available at

sardine bug

Monterey's Beloved Photo Archivist-Historian
Pat Hathaway
(March 28, 1948 - January 4, 2021)
of the renowned Pat Hathaway Collection of California Views
suddenly passed away from mysethenia gravis (an Agent Orange cause)
at home in Pacific Grove, California, on Monday, January 4, 2021.

This GIANT of Monterey and California history and culture
will be terribly missed for the contributions of his 80,000 archival images
to the visual historical record of the development and preservation
of the history of the Pacific Coast.

Hathaway at Lab
                                                  door (Hemp)

His Cannery Row archival legacy lives on: 2019



From The History Company                                        From


[Archival post, 1970]
Take time out to thank a Vet on Veterans Day...
and fellow Vets: celebrate each other!

Capt. Monkey Hotel, NKP 1969-1970 
last mission day.
More on Bombardier's Lounge WWII Big Band Jazz

                                                          Monky Hotel
                                                          last mission



NEWS on YouTube
Chapter 29

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[dated post]
The History Company invites you to

also see STEINBECK NOW for detail.


The National Steinbeck Center "Inspired Talks" Webinar Series Premier

PP title

October 8, 2020

can be seen on YouTube


Hope you enjoyed
 the Virtual
Global Festival

Saturday, August 1, and Sunday, August 2, 2020.

For Tickets, click here!


For a full agenda of the Festival, Click here.

Cannery Row historian Michael Kenneth Hemp
is featured in a 12:00 PM Steinbeck Roundtable

nsc Hemp

with moderator Dr. David Wrobel, Dean of the College of Arts & Sciences
of the University of Oklahoma and National Visiting Steinbeck Scholar

Author, journalist and Pulitzer Prize nominee William Souder
with his new Steinbeck book "Mad at the World,"


and distinguished historian and lecturer Dr. Carol McKibben,
author and professor of Urban Studies at Stanford University


12:00 PM Steinbeck Roundtable

For more information be sure go to


big deal

The Answer:
New research by The History Company unveils a major
new history for Washington State's Hood Canal, already famous
historically for its timber, oysters, striking natural beauty, and tourism.

A history with many shared connections with Cannery Row, Monterey.

Hood Canal photography by George Stenberg
The "Go To" photographer for all things Hood Canal

                                                        Washington &
                                                        Mt. Ellnor
Hood Canal sunrise
Mt.Washington & Mt. Elinor
Hood Canal Perfect

The History Company now adds original research, discovery, and confirmation of
Hood Canal's major West Coast connections to its new historical cousin,
"John Steinbeck's Cannery" Row at Monterey, California.